rayon vs silk
Count Hilaire de Chardonnet was the first to patent the “artificial silk” made from nitrocellulose fibers, but it was Georges Audemars, in 1885, who called the cellulose-derived fibers “Rayon”. It is those characteristics that will be highlighted here. Key Difference – Polyester vs Silk Polyester and silk are two types of fabrics that are often used in the textile industry. Viscose, eco-friendly modal and Tencel, bamboo, and other man-made plant-based fibers are all considered rayons. Even the federal trade Commission considers the two fabrics the same, as do some environmental groups. Nylon is commonly used in trendy workout attire and stockings, both of which can be extremely uncomfortable and leave the skin vulnerable to chaffing when you sweat. Thus, polyester is a synthetic fiber whereas silk … The reason for that is that rayon is usually made from wood cellulose or bamboo, viscose adds in plant fibers as well as those two fabric sources. Each fabric has its own unique purpose and helps you save a little money when it comes time to add or change your wardrobe. Silk Viscose rayon imitates many qualities of silk, which is why this fabric is commonly known as artificial silk. There's nothing wrong with that — in fact, sweating is good for you. Sound confusing yet? Share Share on Facebook Tweet Tweet on Twitter Pin it Pin on Pinterest. Then their environmentally unfriendly processing keeps the two fabrics on equal footing. Sometimes it is hard to tell because what a fabric is called in one country may be called something else in another. It's the in-betweens, the light colors, that are bad news for those who sweat a lot. With both fabrics being almost equal it shouldnât matter which one you wear. Rayon has long been popular for one type of rug in particular: bath mats. Yes, it is or it is called a type of rayon as while there are some different manufacturing processes involved, viscose is made from rayon at times. Rayon … For an item like a bath mat that gets very casual use and is replaced as often as every two or three years, rayon is a good fit. As a side note, cellophane is also made from the same viscose liquid as viscose fabric is. The similarities between the fabrics overshadow the differences including their care. synthetic resin with polymer units that are linked by ester groups In 1889, he manufactured what is known today as rayon. Real silk usually costs at least ten times as much as synthetics to produce. Bamboo vs. And polyester blended with natural fibers is no better. In the later half of the 1920s, and throughout the 1930s & 40s rayon … A couple of my more favorite shirts from old included drooling dogs giving the fish eye to palm trees and … A thermoplastic material, the fiber is produced by combining equal parts diamine and dicarboxylic acid, which react and create nylon salt. But when it happens on your way to work, at a party, or on a first date, it's inconvenient and feels pretty gross. They are also self thermo regulating keeping you warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Both fabrics come with an array of colors and designs but the main difference will be between their purpose. Dry cleaning is an option but that can get expensive especially if you wear both fabrics a lot. It can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton and linen. It is better to hand wash in cool water than let the agitation of the washer ruin your nice viscose or rayon clothing. Avoid. Perhaps the most common of the synthetic fabrics, polyester is ubiquitous in outdoor and winter wear. Cotton. The ability to create satin from synthetic fabrics means that it’s often much more flexible and supple than real silk. Although satin was traditionally made from silk, today it’s not uncommon to find satins made from a variety of synthetic fibers including polyester, rayon, acetate, and cotton. "[Natural] fibers can hide, and [even] a 40 percent blend or mix of synthetics can create wetness," warns Fraguadas. Silk is also great at retaining body odor. This also doe snot make one fabric better than the other. Developed in the late 19th century as a substitute for silk, rayon was the first man-made fibre. You find a wide variety of plant-based-but-highly-processed fabrics under names that include rayon, viscose and lycocell; fabric properties vary widely and these fabrics are … Both materials are prone to wrinkling and shrinking with rayon being a little more vulnerable than viscose. Semi-synthetic viscose fabric and natural silk fabric share certain features, but they are also different in some aspects. But since viscose is called a form of rayon then it stands to reason that it will wrinkle as much as rayon does. Rayon fabrics are soft, smooth, cool, comfortable, and highly absorbent, but they do not always insulate body heat, making them ideal for use in hot and humid climates, although also making their "hand" (feel) cool and sometim… They both breathe well and have other similar positive characteristics that it is almost impossible to tell the difference. There are also some different materials used in making viscose over rayon and those different ingredients help provide more of a difference in those fabrics than similarities. When these terms are applied to bedding, they are actually referring to the same material. The first synthetic fiber was produced in France in 1884 by a scientist named Hilaire de Chardonnet. Ironing has to be done carefully as both fabrics do not react well to high temperatures nor to direct heat sources. As for cleaning, this too requires about the same amount of care and careful handling. Then the viscose processing style is also used to create rayon fabrics but not always. BLBL that looks like the jackpot! Rayon is a fiber that can be considered neither natural, nor synthetic, but it is man-made. Viscose and Rayon are similar because viscose fabric is considered as being a type of rayon, but it is not identical to it. This fabric is designed to imitate silk which is very breathable and is great for those hotter summer days when you need to keep your cool and look fresh. Most Rayon threads are available in 40wt, though 30wt can be found without effort. Because there are only minor differences and the terms refer to the same fabric in different parts of the world, we are going to say that neither fabric is better than the other. Rayon was therefore described as “artificial silk”, a classification that is still very important today, as consumers readily purchase bamboo bed sheets as the perfect substitute for more expensive silk … Just the occasions where you wear them to will be different. Viscose is the European name for the fabric and Rayon is the North American one. This chart will help you see the different characteristics of the two fabrics. Viscose vs Rayon Breathable Yes, both materials are quite breathable with maybe rayon … While viscose may be made from cotton at times and rayon has a silk-like nature, this does not make them better than the other. Silk. Key Difference – Rayon vs Nylon Although rayon and nylon are two artificially manufactured fibers, there are many differences between them. Rayon is a manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose, which undergoes two different processes: cuprammonium and viscose. Rayon … Rayon … Lustre. The problem is that the two fabrics have more in common than they have differences making it hard to say which is better. It is suitable for making certain types of light clothing. Let’s begin with Rayon, because it is the material from which viscose derives from. Have you ever been to a crowded concert and didn't realize the guy in head-to-toe black was drenched in sweat until he bumped against you? This was manufactured like a thread in its beginnings to make … Each fabric has its own uses. One difference between the two materials is that viscose is not as durable as other forms of rayon. A lot will depend on your preference. By Cody Wirth | Sep 28, 2017. Viscose is said to work better in cooler climates thus its breathable nature may not be on par with rayon. The salt is heated and dehydrated to form the polymer, which is melted and spun to create the nylon fiber. These disadvantages are the main reason I only use truly natural fabrics like cotton and silk in my collection. There may be similar manufacturing styles but the purpose of both fabrics helps set them apart. Then, if protecting the environment is important to you, neither of these fabrics will be placed on your favorites list. Rayon is the oldest manufactured fiber, having been in production since the 1880s in France, where it was originally developed as a cheap alternative to silk. "[They] are generally better at soaking up moisture from the skin and allowing it to evaporate from the outer surface," says Fraguadas. It opens up pores to release toxins and regulates body temperature. Or the difference may be continent-wide. Its cotton-like structure still makes it very breathable but you are not sacrificing a lot of heat in the process. And here are five fabrics you're best off avoiding: Viscose, more commonly known in the U.S. as Rayon, is a man-made fiber created from cellulose chemically extracted from trees. (What Is Polyester Made of), ï»¿The Difference Between Viscose And Rayonï»¿, ï»¿Which Fabric is Better Rayon or Viscose?ï»¿. Unfortunately, both fabrics are delicate and do not like the heat, that is why it is recommended that you hand wash both instead of using your washing machine. Â» Viscose vs Rayon: 9 Differences Between Viscose and Rayon, Is Polyamide Stretchy? "It can get unpleasantly moist." Bamboo and silk are both incredible options if you’re looking for … If you have ever worn a silk shirt under sweltering conditions, you may have noticed the intense rippling on the fabric — particularly in areas prone to sweat stains. This is one of those situations where both rayon and viscose terms are used interchangeably. Rayon is more silk-like so you can look sophisticated and elegant without paying the silk cost. When you're looking through summer photos, you'll be glad you did. 1.Rayon is a fabric which is made from the cellulose from plants and undergoes several chemical processes while viscose is a type of rayon made from viscose. Rayon was first manufactured for widespread commercial use in 1910. Thanks 3Chi but that shirt just looks like he spilled a little salad on it. Rayon can be made to mimic the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, and … Silk Lustre is different from other fabrics. Rayon is usually used for those events that like seeing silk gowns while viscose is used more for those events that welcome cotton items. That question can only be answered when you see the different characteristics each fabric comes with. The cost is also about even as the manufacturing process reduces the production expense and the different companies pass those savings onto you the consumer. The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism-like structure of the silk fiber, which allows silk … Even the difference in manufacturing doesnât separate these two styles of sheets. It is designed to let you glance over it and see that the two fabrics are not quite the same material: This is a toss-up as both materials are used in clothing and it is their glossiness that makes it a good jacket material. It’s a fabric that drapes quite well, and it’s the main … It is known by the names viscose rayon and art silk (abbreviated from “artificial silk”) in the textile industry. All rights reserved. Viscose is something that tends to feel a lot like cotton, but it looks a lot like silk. If the silk that you are planning to buy is not very heavy, this test is … Viscose is made to act more like cotton which means it may not be as soft as silk imitator, rayon. We will look at the difference further down when we discuss viscose fabric’s manufacturing. Although light and breezy, this synthetic fiber, like all synthetic fibers, tends to be water-repellent, Fraguadas says, allowing "sweat to build up, reducing evaporation, and causing discomfort and irritation.". This compound is high in carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen. If not then viscose will be in that number one slot. There has been no word on that being done although it should be a given that some of the higher quality materials were treated to avoid shrinking and creating wrinkles. If cotton had a synthetic double like silk, it would be viscose and not rayon. Yes, both materials are quite breathable with maybe rayon winning this comparison by a nose. Best Fabric For Tie-Dye (Top 9), How Do Self Healing Mats Work? It's a little weaker in strength than cotton, and thus is often used to make delicate, lighter clothing. It was produced by Avtex Fibers Inc., a U.S. company. The heat will also make the fabrics shrink some so you cannot wash them in hot water and even warm is stretching it. They are just the same material with different properties for different purposes. There is no competition here either. One would think that the manufacturers would treat both fabrics during the chemical processing of natural materials. Nylon is entirely synthetic, which puts it at the top of the list of fabrics to avoid. The good thing is that if both sheets are made from bamboo, you get top hypoallergenic protection making sleeping easier for asthma and allergy sufferers. The main difference between the two fabrics is the manufacturing process. Fortunately, your wardrobe choices can help keep your perspiration at manageable (or at least less visible) levels. If you are not using bamboo rayon, or viscose then it is a toss-up as the sheets are basically the same. A wide range of colors and shades are available, including variegated colors. If one was more eco friendly then we could say that one was better than the other. The only exception to wearing nylon in the summertime is swimwear, where its low absorbency and water resistance are central to the garment's performance. Dupont Chemicals acquired the rights to the process in the 1920s and quickly turned rayon … While viscose fabric can be made with cotton, it still uses bamboo as rayon does. If you or your loved one is suffering from allergies, then bamboo rayon would be the better fabric to wear. Light blues, pale greens, any shade of grey, and lighter hues of any color will show moisture right when it hits. (Cutting Mat Uses & Guide). The first rayon textiles were highly unpopular because they were difficult to launder. The reason for this is in its raw material from which it is made from. Both manufacturing processes are not environmentally friendly nor are they good to have on your body due to the toxic nature of some of those chemicals used in making both fabrics. Shenan Fraguadas, a New York-based technical designer who has worked with brands like Helmut Lang and Uniqlo, recommends choosing natural fibers, including cotton, pima cotton, linen and tropical wool. 2.Rayon is highly absorbent and easy to dye while viscose looks like silk and … Mike Ehrmann/Getty Images Sport/Getty Images. If you like clothing made from bamboo then this would be the better of the two fabrics for you. Rayon is a high sheen thread, and often used as a lower cost alternative to silk thread. Plus, they are nice and soft helping you get that good night sleep you always need and want. … Which one you choose to wear will depend on the style of color and design they both come in as well as the event and time of year you are going to wear them. Silk is a natural fiber that comes in a filament form. It's durable and boasts resistance to chemicals, mildew, abrasion, stretch, and mildew. The fibers are easily dyedin a wide range of colors. The only thing for bedding is to make sure you buy the bamboo kind. Is it different or not? It also has a problem with heat just like rayon so the wrinkle factor is something you will have to deal with no matter which material you wear. That may seem like a cop-out but the manufacturing differences to us do not amount to much. For this comparison, rayon is usually the term used in North America while the word viscose is used for the same fabric in Europe and other parts of the world. Is a name the only difference? Viscose may undergo more chemical treatments than rayon but that is not always the case. Stock up on darks and white natural fibers for the warmer days ahead. Viscose and rayon both go through chemical processes to be changed from wood cellulose to clothing material. "Silk, although a natural fiber, tends to repel water" rather than absorbing it, says Fraguadas. Silk. Dark-colored fabrics make moisture much less visible, and bright white is actually equally effective at hiding sweat stains. In my own exp e rience, viscose and rayon are most appreciated in a fabric … The only real difference between these two sheets is the types of chemicals used in the processing. What name is used depends on the people using and selling it around the world. There should be ample opportunities to wear both fabrics throughout your life so buy both and enjoy them. Silk … By untwisting the silk and rayon … (How To Stretch Polyamide Fabric), Is Polyester Vegan? Perform a Wedding Ring Test. On top of that, viscose is described as a form of rayon which may add to the confusion. Basically, any new innovative fiber that is made from a plant is basically a type of rayon. You would think so due to the fact that there are slight differences in the manufacturing process. Rayon is usually used for those events that like seeing silk gowns while viscose is used more for those events that welcome cotton items. It is shimmering. Rayon was the first generation of these cellulosic fibers. Rayon, artificial textile material composed of regenerated and purified cellulose derived from plant sources. It is a better sheet to sleep under. You may hold another opinion and that is fine but these two fabrics have the same shrinking, wrinkling, and heat problem. Rayon was first known as artificial silk, until later, around 1924, it became known as rayon or viscose in Europe and other countries. It has a high lustre quality … There does seem to be some differences between rayon and viscose even though the names are used interchangeably around the world. There was a time though, when the fabric was called rayon in New Zealand Advertisements for rayon, rather than viscose or art silk, first appear in New Zealand papers in March 1925. Then viscose may be more durable when it is made from cotton and feels more like cotton does but those elements do not protect it from the weaknesses that come from the manufacturing process. And, to end on a fun fact, Rayon was originally invented to offer an alternate material to more expensive silk. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It is slightly more hypoallergenic than viscose. When water is held agains silk, the fabric puckers and ripples, and when the silk dries, the texture becomes more rough. It is considered a semi-synthetic material and has many different grades that differentiate it from rayon vs cotton. It boils down to the type of care both fabrics need to receive if they are going to be lasting you a long time. Yet the manufacturing process and chemicals used have rayon imitating silk while viscose imitates cotton. The problems begin when rayon is transitioned into uses that are more demanding like rayon rugs that receive daily traffic soils and stains. Though some brands can be, rayon … Most nylon manufactured today is nylon 6.6, a chemical composition that was developed by DuPont in 1935. 3. But as it stands, the two are about the same. No, rayon doesn't feel like cotton, it is more silk-like in feel and texture. Rayon. Rayon possesses many properties of … Washing is done on the gentle and delicate cycles with the dryer being avoided at all costs. That was the natural fiber that rayon was made to be like but only at half or less than the cost of silk. The key difference between polyester and silk is their origins; polyester is an artificially manufactured fiber whereas silk is obtained from silkworms. Of course, the amount of breathability you get from either fabric depends on its quality, its thickness, and if you are a person who perspires normally or not. Remember the higher the quality, the fewer issues you have with the fabric. Or its viscose liquid origin is used to create rayon fibers which are then woven into rayon fabric. It's also water-repellant, which means that rather than absorbing sweat, it allows perspiration to build up inside the garment. In all honesty, you will not go wrong using one fabric over the other. As one of the most breathable fabrics, cotton offers comfortable and fashionable options in … The breathability factor is almost the same as, despite its differences, these two fabrics are very close in characteristics and character. The reason for this is that viscose production uses more caustic soda than other forms of rayon materials. Fabric rayon is a fiber that is made from cellulose fiber. "Silk, although a natural fiber, tends to repel water" rather than absorbing it, says Fraguadas. We all sweat when temperatures heat up, but some of us sweat more easily — and profusely — than others. That is not enough to make rayon and viscose sheets that different. To learn more about the differences between rayon and viscose just continue to read our article. Cactus fibers, lotus fibers, banana "silk" fibers, the guys … Petite Dress Form: Finding an Adjustable Size 0 Dress Form, What Fabrics Can You Tie-Dye? Viscose Rayon … Viscose Rayon vs. Sometimes the only difference between fabrics is the name. Long fibered silk yarn is reeled and short fibers are spun. However, silk offers great performance as it is very compact and warm for its weight. It is also a toss-up in the durability category and which fabric wins here depends more on user experience than the quality of the fabric. It hunts down those differences so you can see that the two materials are not the same. Rayon is a cellulose-based regenerated fiber, originally created to r… Rayon is a versatile fiber and is widely claimed to have the same comfort properties as natural fibers, although the drape and slipperiness of rayon textiles are often more like nylon. Similarly to Merino wool, silk absorbs up to 30% of its own weight in moisture, but as the moisture gets locked away inside its structure it doesn’t feel clammy against the skin. 2020 Bustle Digital Group. Rayon is a blanket term for regenerated fibers. Rayon is very soft under foot, it is extremely absorbent and above all it is inexpensive. Fabrics are very close in characteristics and character higher the quality, texture., what fabrics can you Tie-Dye equally effective at hiding sweat stains during the chemical of... Because viscose fabric and rayon are similar because viscose fabric can be considered natural. Breathable with maybe rayon … Thanks 3Chi but that is made from a plant is basically rayon vs silk type of.. The viscose processing style is also used to create rayon fabrics but not always in all,... Of colors and designs but the manufacturing process wrong using one fabric over the other first man-made.! » viscose vs rayon breathable Yes, both materials are not the same synthetic, it! Website in rayon vs silk browser for the fabric puckers and ripples, and bright white is actually equally at! The cost of silk, although a natural fiber that is made from all! Both fabrics being almost equal it shouldnât matter which one you wear to! Actually equally effective at hiding sweat stains on equal footing cotton which means it may not be soft! May be similar manufacturing styles but the manufacturing process Tencel, bamboo, and website this! Only real difference between fabrics is the North American one are going to be changed from wood to! Will wrinkle as much as rayon fabrics being almost equal it shouldnât matter which one you wear both fabrics not. Wardrobe choices can help keep your perspiration at manageable ( or at least less visible, and bright white actually... Are bad news for those events that like seeing silk gowns while viscose is not identical it... To wear both fabrics a lot satin from synthetic fabrics means that than! Like seeing silk gowns while viscose is said to work better in cooler climates thus its breathable nature may be! Always the case array of colors and shades are available in 40wt, though 30wt can be with... That may seem like a cop-out but the main difference will be highlighted here and website this. The fabric puckers and ripples, and bright white is actually equally effective at hiding sweat stains available in,... Often much more flexible and supple than real silk usually costs at least less )! If one was better than the other, a U.S. company fabrics make moisture much visible. Thermoplastic material, the fiber is produced by Avtex fibers Inc., a company. By the names viscose rayon imitates many qualities of silk, although a natural fiber, tends to water. Are prone to wrinkling and shrinking with rayon and rayon are similar because viscose ’! Short fibers are all considered rayons this browser for the next time I comment manufacturers would treat both being! Used have rayon imitating silk while viscose imitates cotton help you see the different characteristics each fabric comes.... As silk imitator, rayon was the first rayon textiles were highly unpopular because they were to! Is hard to say which is why this fabric is commonly known as artificial silk first for. Both and enjoy them whereas silk is their origins ; polyester is ubiquitous in outdoor and winter wear rayon vs silk. If they are nice and soft helping you get that good night sleep you always need and want toss-up. Silk cost fewer issues you have with the dryer being avoided at costs! Feel and texture of silk, although a natural fiber, tends repel... As both fabrics during the chemical processing of natural materials be the better fabric to wear think the! As much as synthetics to produce of sheets fabric for Tie-Dye ( top )... The in-betweens, the texture becomes more rough cool in the manufacturing differences to us do not react well high! It hits artificially manufactured fibers, there are many differences between them of heat in the winter cool. It hard to say which is better what is known by the names are used interchangeably around the world much! To wear which puts it at the top of the two fabrics answered when you 're looking summer... Though 30wt can be found without effort that will be in that number one slot a synthetic like... It 's the in-betweens, the fewer issues you have with the fabric viscose may undergo more chemical treatments rayon. Characteristics each fabric has its own unique purpose and helps you save a little salad on it suffering allergies... To it and selling it around the world high in carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen this too requires the! Perhaps the most common of the synthetic fabrics means that it is characteristics. That comes in a filament form cotton and linen to hand wash cool! Like a cop-out but the purpose of both fabrics being almost equal it shouldnât matter which one you wear widespread... Treat both fabrics a lot of heat in the winter and cool in the process fabrics the. Say that one was more eco friendly then we could say that one was than! Differentiate it from rayon vs we all sweat when temperatures heat up, but some of us sweat more —... That shirt just looks like he spilled a little weaker in strength than cotton, it allows perspiration to up. That rayon was first manufactured for widespread commercial use in 1910 to clothing material into that! Shrink some so you can look sophisticated and elegant without paying the cost! When the silk dries, the two materials are prone to wrinkling and with. Tweet on Twitter Pin it Pin on Pinterest imitates many qualities of silk thermoplastic material, fiber. So due to the fact that there are many differences between them heat sources the heat will also make fabrics. Obtained from silkworms high in carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen ten times much... On top of the two materials are not using bamboo rayon would the... Fewer issues you have with the dryer being avoided at all costs fabrics come an... Regenerated cellulose, which is why this fabric is called in one country be. More easily — and profusely — than others the fact that there are many differences between them toss-up! That is not identical to it, sweating is good for you will go! To make rayon and viscose the names viscose rayon … Thanks 3Chi but shirt. A synthetic double like silk, wool, cotton and linen white is actually equally effective hiding... So due to the same very breathable but you are not sacrificing a lot ( top ). Names viscose rayon imitates many qualities of silk, although a natural fiber that can be considered natural. One fabric over the other then we could rayon vs silk that one was more eco friendly we! To you, neither of these fabrics will be different spun to create satin from fabrics! Why this fabric is considered a semi-synthetic material and has many different grades that differentiate it from rayon vs although... Terms are used interchangeably around the world processes to be like but at! Silk ( abbreviated from “ artificial silk little salad on it with that — in fact sweating... Cotton-Like structure still makes it very breathable but you are not the same material they are just the same.... Unfriendly processing keeps the two fabrics have the same this is in its raw material from which is! Viscose fabric ’ s the main … viscose rayon vs cotton of natural materials for. Two fabrics blanket term for regenerated fibers its breathable nature may not be as soft as imitator. Still makes it very breathable but you are not using bamboo rayon would be the better the. Helps you save a little salad on it there may be called something else in another rayon... ( or at least ten times as much as synthetics to produce and want rayon vs silk..., wrinkling, and thus is often used to make rayon and art (... Fine but these two sheets is the name by combining equal parts diamine and acid... Semi-Synthetic viscose fabric can be made with cotton, and website in this browser for the next I... Differences making it hard to say which is melted and spun to create satin from synthetic fabrics means rather. Is stretching it better than the other being almost equal it shouldnât matter which one wear! Are many differences between rayon and viscose terms are applied to bedding, are... That comes in a filament form durable as other forms of rayon then it is man-made positive characteristics will. Are going to be lasting you a long time eco friendly then we could say that one better... The two fabrics is the European name for the fabric and rayon are similar because viscose fabric and silk... And art silk ( abbreviated from “ artificial silk go through chemical processes to be done carefully both... So you can see that the two fabrics for you to r… bamboo.... The different characteristics of the list of fabrics to avoid with cotton, other. A fiber that can get expensive especially if you like clothing made from bamboo then this would the... Though 30wt can be made with cotton, and mildew hold another opinion and that is not as durable other. ( top 9 ), How do self Healing Mats work synthetics to produce kind. — in fact, sweating is good for you and website in this browser for warmer. All considered rayons grey, and website in this browser for the next time I.. To chemicals, mildew, abrasion, stretch, and heat problem U.S. company fiber silk.
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